Robotic Assisted Surgery
Robotically assisted surgery are minimally invasive operations performed using “keyholes” and the latest da Vinci® Xi robotic surgical system.
This is an example of the difference between incisions using the robotic and open
approach for radical prostatectomy performed to treat prostate cancer.
The benefits of the robotic approach include:
Less blood loss
Shorter length of stay (1-3 days)
Faster recovery to normal activities (1-2 weeks)
Faster return to work (2-6 weeks depending on occupation)
Better dexterity and vision for the surgeon possibly allowing to perform more complex cases and achieve better outcomes
How does robotic surgery work? Does the robot do the procedure?
Essentially the surgeon controls the robotic arms to perform the operation. Once “keyhole” incisions are made in the abdomen, hollow tubes (cannulas) are inserted and gas is then pumped to obtain a good view of the targeted area. The robot arms are then “docked” (attached) to these cannulas and instruments, which will be used to perform the procedure, are inserted. The surgeon then controls the instruments remotely (via the “surgical console”) to complete the operation. A surgical assistant and scrub nurse stand at the bedside and are involved in changing instruments and inserting/removing sutures.
Once the procedure is completed the robot is “undocked” and the wounds are closed with absorbable sutures.